Chair: Jeffrey Kutcher, MD, FAAN
Donna Broshek, PhD
Paul Comper, PhD, C. Psych
Chris Giza, MD
Michael Hutchinson, PhD
Tamara McLeod, PhD, ATC, FNATA
William Meehan, MD
Fiona Wilson, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD, MISCP
Ross Zafonte, DO
Any individual who has significant physical or cognitive activity or performance as part of their life (sports athlete of any level, performance artist, first responder, military, etc.)
The totality of the physical and functional condition of the brain of an athlete.
The transient physiologic injury to the brain produced as the result of biomechanical force.
The clinical syndrome produced by a biomechanically induced physiologic injury to the brain.
“Concussion” should not be used to describe:
the event itself
additional pathology, including structural changes, either cellular or tissue level
Mechanism of Injury (concussion)
A physical event, or events, leading to a level of biomechanical force significant enough to produce a the transient physiological change to the brain known as concussion.
Persisting Symptoms after Concussion
Annual Athlete Neurological Evaluation
A comprehensive neurological evaluation comprised of both a directed history and physical examination* designed to:
•Collect information relevant to concussion diagnosis and management
•Identify neurological or psychiatric diagnoses, traits or tendencies
•Provide clinical information useful to the monitoring of long-term brain health
* Baseline tests may be used to collect physical examination information
Long-term Brain Health
The totality of the physical and functional condition of the brain over the course of the lifespan. Negative effects on long-term brain health include the clinical manifestations of one-time structural injuries or alterations of normal brain network functioning, as well as the clinical manifestations of progressive neurodegenerative processes. Positive effects on long-term brain health include the clinical benefits of physical and cognitive exercise, sleep, nutrition, and mental health.
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
A constellation of specific pathological changes to the brain at both the tissue and cellular levels that is the result of chronic exposure to repetitive biomechanical forces.
Traumatic Encephalopathy Syndrome
The clinical manifestation of a neurodegenrative process that is present as the result of chronic exposure to repetitive biomechanical forces.